What a job do the muscles of the pelvic floor

There are no differences between the deep perineal musculature (i.e. of the pelvic floor) male and female: the superficial one instead shows differences. Here we are talking about the musculature of the female pelvic floor by appointing the differences with the male one. But let's start from the beginning: the muscles of the pelvic floor close the pelvis from the bottom, they are a sort of containing hammock that supports the internal organs. Each muscle has a function of their own, and even when they seem similar to each other, they are not at all. Suffice it to imagine the muscles of the pelvic floor as in the muscles that move the fingers of one hand: moving a thumb or moving a little finger is not the same thing.


Having consciousness and recognizing the muscles of the pelvic floor is very difficult for two main reasons:

1) They are inside our body and do not see each other.

2) We were not taught to recognize them as children.


How to solve?


First of all, giving them a name and then discovering what work they do. In brackets I inserted the male function of the same muscle.

Bulbocavernaose: compression and erection of the clitoris (or penis) and the narrowing of the vaginal canal (or urine emission and sperm).

Ischiocavernoso: compression and erection of the clitoris (or penis)

Superficial and deep transverse of the perineum: these two muscles have the task of stabilizing the tendon center and are involved in the sexual response, in fact, contracting the entire perineal area in tension

Sphincter of the urethra: closure of the urethra, compression of the vagine and the vestibular glands (closure of the urethra, compression of the prostate and the urethral bulb glands)

Coccyx: flexion of the joints of the coccyx, raising and support of the pelvic floor

Ileococcigeo, pubococcigeo and external anal sphincter: together they form the muscle

Elegant of the anus: Ileo and pubo have a support to support the pelvic organs, the flexion of the coccyx, raising and retraction of the anus and tend to the pelvic floor. The anal sphincter closes the anal orifice.

There are many free sites that allow you to observe the sections of the human body in 3D, with a short online search you find some very valid ones: my advice is to go and look where they are and remember what work they do. But why is it so important to take care of the pelvic floor? Because the aging process is inevitable, and with it many features are lost, including the most basic ones such as flexing, bringing weights or walking. In all these functions the muscles of the pelvic floor are involved, much more than you think; But these muscles also involved in primary functions such as urination, defecation and sexual activity: not to be aware of it and control means age with enormous difficulties in managing these functions, creating situations that can become disheartening and humiliating for those who suffer them.


Francesca Banchelli

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