Cystitis: to know it to prevent it

Today we are talking about cystitis, an annoying disorder that tends to recur in autumn, thanks to the first colds and the lowering of the immune defenses. Let's try to get to know her better to understand how to prevent it. 


Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder, it can be acute, underwater or chronic. The most frequent symptoms are the repeated and urgent stimulus to urinate in small quantities and a burning sensation during urination. To these then you can add the presence of blood in the urine, pain or sensation of pressure in the pelvic area, opaque urine and a slight fever.

What are its causes?

In most cases cystitis is associated with a bacterial infection. The microorganisms that populate the last intestinal tract, especially Escherichia coli, can reach the bladder directly through the urethra, or with the propagation from the nearby organs or even through the blood vessels.

There are also less frequent forms of cystitis, not associated with an infection: interstitial cystitis, chronic inflammation of the bladder; cystitis caused by drugs; cystitis associated with radiation treatments and cystitis by chemicals.

Stress and hormonal imbalances can facilitate the onset of bacterial cystitis. In fact, these factors weaken the immune system that will be less ready to counteract the attack of bacteria and fight the infection.

How to prevent it?

The first advice is to drink a lot, in this way the elimination of bacteria that could be present at the bladder is facilitated by reducing their proliferation.

A diet rich in liquids e fiber It helps to regularize the intestinal transit by reducing constipation: the allocation of the stool in the intestinal level can favor the onset of cystitis due to the longest parking of the stool and their bacteria in the intestine. It is important to indulge the stimulus to urination, emptying the bladder well several times a day and always cleaning yourself with movements from forward to behind, in this way the bacteria will prevent bacteria easily at the urethra.

Intimate hygiene should be treated, intensifying it during menstruation and after sexual intercourse, but always using delicate detergents in order not to damage the bacterial flora.

 In addition, too tight and synthetic underwear should be avoided, and it is preferable to use cotton absorbent and swabs.

 How do you care?

 Cystitis care depends on what is the cause of inflammation. It is good to consult the doctor to the appearance of the first symptoms in order to act promptly.

 In case of bacterial cystitis, after performing an examination of the urine to understand which the responsible bacterium is, an antibiotic will be prescribed. It is very important that the antibiotic is assumed only in case of proven bacterial infection, otherwise it could cause the appearance of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. In the case of diagnosis of interstitial cystitis or other causes, the doctor will be able to direct towards the right drug and rehabilitation therapy.

 In the meantime, the advice of drinking Much, even if it would be spontaneous to think that reducing the contribution of liquids can help to keep the stimulus to urination under control, it is instead good to drink a lot of water to help the body eliminate the microorganisms responsible for the infection.

Supplements based on Cranberry (or American red blueberry) help to make life difficult to Escherichia coli, inhibiting its adherence to the bladder walls and favoring its elimination. Malva and calendula -based infusions have soothing and emollient properties and can help reduce inflammation. Consuming probiotic foods and lactic ferments can help restore the balance of the bacterial flora by maintaining it healthy.


 Beatrice equal

 Photo via Michaela Stark



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